in historical linguistics, and are examples of language-related urban legends. Baum (1962) American Speech Vol. This has become such a problem that it is even evaluated at the level of medical academies such as the American Academy of Dermatology. Yet, in its short form " (literally "man/people big only the first characters from the second and the fourth parts are selected; the first part and the third part are simply ignored. In some languages, especially those that use certain alphabets, many acronyms come from the governmental use, particularly in the military and law enforcement services. Small-caps variant edit Small caps are sometimes used to make the run of capital letters seem less jarring to the reader.
Contrived acronyms edit Acronyms are sometimes contrived, that is, deliberately designed to be especially apt for the thing being named (by having a dual meaning or by borrowing the positive connotations of an existing word). For example, the novelist and critic Anthony Burgess once proposed that the word "book" ought to stand for "box of organized knowledge". The Modern Language Association 51 and American Psychological Association 52 53 prohibit apostrophes from being used to pluralize acronyms regardless of periods (so "compact discs" would be "CDs" or "C.D.s whereas The New York Times Manual of Style and Usage. There is no special term for abbreviations whose pronunciation involves the combination of letter names and words or word-like pronunciations of strings of letters, such as " jpeg " /dep/ and " MS-DOS " /msds/. Or.G.N., it's six of one and half a dozen of the other. (This is especially important in the print medium, where no search utility is available.) The second reason for the key feature is its pedagogical value in educational works such as textbooks. from " Standard Oil and " Sunoco " Sun Oil Company. Accessed May 2, 2006.
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(6th. Larry Trask, American author of The Penguin Guide to Punctuation, states categorically that, in British English, "this tiresome and unnecessary practice is now obsolete." 48 Pronunciation-dependent style and periods edit Nevertheless, some influential style guides, many of them American, still require periods in certain instances. (The satirical magazine Frank had proposed alternatives to ccrap, namely sshit and nsdap.) Two Irish Institutes of Technology (Galway and Tralee) chose different acronyms from other institutes when they were upgraded from Regional Technical colleges. Large numbers may use metric prefixes, as with " Y2K " for "Year 2000" (sometimes written "Y2k because the SI symbol for 1000 is "k"not "K which stands for " kelvin. Merriam-Webster's Dictionary of English Usage, 1994. Just as the words laser and radar function as words in syntax and cognition without a need to focus on their acronymic origins, terms such as "rars" and " CHA2DS2VASc score " are irreducible in natural language. Precies 95 jaar terug smolten noad (Nooit Opgeven Altijd Doorzetten) en Advendo (Aangenaam Door Vermaak en Nuttig Door Ontspanning) samen in de noad-advendo Combinatie, kortom NAC. BBQ : bee-bee-cue, for "barbecue" CQ : cee-cue for "seek you a code used by radio operators IOU : i-o-u for "I owe you" K9 : kay-nine for "canine used to designate police units utilizing dogs Abbreviations whose last abbreviated. Oxford University Press, 2007, isbn "Styleguide". Oxford, Oxfordshire: Oxford University Press,. . Davenport American Notes and Queries (February 1943) vol 2 page 167 "Your correspondent who asks about words made up of the initial letters or syllables of other words may be interested in knowing that I have seen such. Acronyms pronounced as words are rare in Vietnamese, occurring when an acronym itself is borrowed from another language. The justification is that (1) readers are smart enough to figure out where the letters came from, even without their being capitalized for emphasis, and that (2) common nouns do not take capital initials in standard English orthography.